Главная » 2012 » Сентябрь » 6 » Вышла из печати книга "Сетевые структуры..."/Book on Network Structures Published
Вышла из печати книга "Сетевые структуры..."/Book on Network Structures Published
Резюме книги "Сетевые структуры и биосистемах и человеческом обществе" (А.В. Олескин). М.: URSS. 2012.
Summary of the Book by Alexander Oleskin "Network Structures in Biosystems and Human Society" (in Russian). Moscow: URSS Publ. Co. 2012.
Настоящая книга представляет
собой монографию, посвященную сетевым
структурам, которые отличаются отсутствием жёсткой иерархии и
кооперативными связями между составляющими структуру элементами (узлами). Сетевые
структуры в разнообразных системах сопоставляются со структурами иных типов –
иерархическими (построенными на отношениях субординации) и (квази)рыночными,
где конкуренция между элементами преобладаетнад кооперацией. Особо рассматриваются взаимопереходы и взаимодействия
структур различных типов.
рассматриваются на примерах (1) различных биологических систем – колоний и
биоплёнок микроорганизмов, модульных организмов кишечнополостных и мшанок, стай
рыб, семей общественных насекомых, нейронных сетей, групп приматов и (2)
сетевых организаций, ассоциаций, движений в социуме, включая междисциплинарные
научные лаборатории, сети из учащихся при интерактивном образовании,коммерческие сети, структуры экологической и
педагогической напрвленности, а также сетевые формы политических организаций
(фабрики мысли, центры общественной политики и др.).
Книга является также учебным
пособием для студентов колледжей, университетов, лицеев, специализирующихся в
области биологии (особенно таких её разделов как зоология, микробиология,
этология, экология, нейрофизиология), медицины, социологии, политологии, теории
менеджмента, психологии, философии.
This monograph concentrates on
network structures that are
construed as lacking a rigid hierarchy and regulated by co-operative
interactions among the elements (nodes) they comprise. The activities and
collective behaviors of network structures are determined by intricate
interactions among a large number of partial pace-makers (leaders). An example
is found in the Internet that is largely based on this principle. The
characteristics of the network organizational scenario are considered in this
work in comparison to other types of structures denoted as (i) hierarchical (vertical, pyramidal)
structures characterized by a single dominant activity center (central
leader, pacemaker) and (ii) quasi-market
structures dominated by competitive rather than co-operative interactions
among the actors involved. The subject of this monograph forms part of the
agenda of the modern interdisciplinary area of research that compares systems
in the biological realm with those in human society. This area of research
represents one of the subfields of the more general area called biopolitics that encompasses the the totality of all kinds of interactions
between the life sciences and politics, including both the political potential
of biology and the biological implications of politics (see: Oleskin, A. V.
Biopolitics. The Political Potential of
the Life Sciences. (2012). Hauppage (NY): Nova Science Publishers)
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